I've found a reference about a 2009 specification (not 2004). It isn't mandatory to respect that specification. But apparently, it helped :)
Fairphone does not sell by default a charger with new phones, assuming most people already have one, which is quite right. But of course they have been criticized for "not even putting the required charger in the box to save money". Strange world we live in...
About Apple, which did sign in 2009, "The Commission does not have evidence that Apple has breached the [MoU] agreement. The iPhone 5 can be used with an adaptor allowing it to be connected to the common charger." (same wikipedia source https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_external_power_supply#Reception).